How long can Corona Virus last for clothes and how to wash it

The Corona virus has so far been named WHO pandemic virus. This indicates that the problem of Covid-19 or Corona virus is no longer a problem for some countries, but has become a global problem. That is why the WHO recommends everyone to maintain health and hygiene to avoid Covid-19 infection or Corona virus. One way to maintain cleanliness other than by washing hands with soap and water is to regularly wash clothes that have been worn.

Did you know that the Corona virus can last for hours on clothes? According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States, the Corona virus is usually transmitted through liquid droplets when an infected person sneezes or coughs. Material or clothing that is contaminated with the liquid can have great potential to move the disease. The CDC notes that the Corona virus can last for hours on surfaces made of fabric or materials, including clothing.

According to public health specialist Carol Winner, the liquid can dry out over time and deactivate the viruses found there. But this requires a long time. Until now researchers are still studying this.

“We know that droplets can dry out in a number of conditions, which may be faster with natural fibers,” Winner told HuffPost.

“We hear that heat and humidity can affect the viability of the virus on the surface, but remember, temperatures in Australia are 80 degrees (Fahrenheit), and Tom Hanks still gets it,” he added.

Robert Amler, dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences and Practices at New York Medical College and former CDC’s chief medical officer, told HuffPost that the longevity of the corona virus depends on the type of fabric, because some materials are more susceptible than others.

“Spandex materials such as polyester can hold germs longer than cotton-based fabrics, but all types of fabric can be contaminated,” Dr. Janette Neisheiwat

According to him materials such as spandex, polyester can hold germs longer than cotton fabrics so it is important to wash leggings and underwear carefully.

Then how to wash clothes properly to avoid Covid-19 or Corona virus?

1.Wash Using Hot Water

“Extra heat, and time in the dryer, makes sense, because the droplets will dry out, which is likely to deactivate the virus,” Winner said.

Winner suggests washing clothes using hot water to help kill the virus. In addition, you can also give extra time to soak clothes in high water temperatures. But you still have to pay attention to the temperature you use because do not use water with temperatures that are too extreme. According to Dr. Georgine Nanos, wash clothes using the hottest water that is possible to use.

However, please don’t ruin all your clothes by boiling everything, because that will add more stress and anxiety that we don’t need right now, “

2.Choose a detergent with whitening ingredients

Rodney E. Rohde, chairman and professor of the Clinical Laboratory Science Program at Texas State University, advises paying attention to detergents used to prevent Corona virus infections.

“I would suggest you wash clothes with detergents that contain bleach compounds,” Rohde told HuffPost. “Viruses don’t work well in this harsh environment,”

3.Wash with a washing machine

Actually according to Nanos if you don’t have access to laundry facilities, then you can wash your own clothes by hand. The most important thing is you use water with temperatures above 80 degrees Fahrenheit or around 26.6 degrees Celsius. But Nanos also said that it would be more effective if you could wash clothes using a washing machine. Washing machines will be more effective at killing germs and viruses, even if you mix your clothes with other people’s clothes that are sick.

4.Washing Clothes Routine

Winner suggests washing clothes regularly and don’t wait for your dirty clothes to become a big pile. Washing clothes regularly can help maintain cleanliness and prevent the Corona virus.

“The best, as always, is to wash your clothes regularly,” he said.

This applies to all clothes of any type, including jackets or sweaters. Especially if you use the sleeve or elbow of your jacket to touch frequently used surfaces, such as elevator buttons, handrails, and door handles. To clean it from viruses and germs, you don’t need to add Lysol to wash it, just spray with anti-germic clothing that can be used.

5.Separate the Clothing of the Sick

This is often a question for many people. According to Nesheiwat it will indeed be more effective if you separate the clothes of the sick and those who do not.

“It is always best to wash the clothes of the sick separately,” Nesheiwat said. “Clothes can carry staph, E.coli, flu, etc.,”

In addition, you also have to immediately change your clothes when you get home after a day of activities. This is recommended to reduce the risk of exposure to viruses, one of which is the Corona virus.

“You have to change your clothes and wash them whenever someone else touches them or when you have gathered in a large group,” Amler said.

You also don’t need to be afraid if you want to wash clothes in the shared laundry because they don’t have a washing machine. The most important thing is that you follow the right guidelines, by using gloves and keeping a distance from others. If you don’t have gloves, always wash your hands when and before going to the laundry.

“Yes, it is safe to use [shared washing machines] now because the virus will be killed by washing your clothes at temperatures over 80 degrees Fahrenheit (26.6 degrees Celsius), according to what we currently understand,”

“The more challenging problems are social distance and contact with potentially contaminated surfaces and people in the laundry. Not the laundry itself,”.

How Does the Human Body Fight Corona Virus? This Explanation

Corona virus has infected more than 189 thousand people in various parts of the world with death toll exceeding 7,500 people. On the other hand, the cure rate of COVID-19 is also fairly high. A total of 81,271 patients were declared complete recovery.

Many people recover from COVID-19 even though no cure has been found yet, providing evidence that the human immune system can fight the Corona virus. But the question is, how does the human body fight the Corona virus?

As quoted from Fox News, Corona virus generally only causes mild and moderate symptoms such as fever and cough, in most people. But more severe symptoms can be experienced by those who are elderly and have experienced health problems.

People with mild symptoms can recover in two weeks, while those with severe symptoms need six weeks or more to fully recover. Before knowing how the human body fights Corona virus, it needs to be understood first, how the virus causes people to get sick.

How do viruses infect the human body?

When viruses enter the human body, they race against time to ‘hijack’ cells, reproduce and eventually spread them. The survival of a virus is very time-dependent. Because, once the body’s immune system detects an ‘intruder’, then there is a ‘war’ against viruses, including this new type of Corona virus or the scientific term Sars-Cov-2.

Before the war at the cellular level, the virus infiltrated the body through the mucus membranes found in the nose and throat. Once successfully entered, the virus will hunt for cells that can be hijacked. At the same time, these viruses also try to disguise themselves to fool the immune system’s alarm system.

“A few hours after the pathogen (the biological agent causing disease in the host) enters the body, it happens like a dance between the innate immune response and the virus,” explained immunologist from MRIGlobal Gene Olinger, as quoted by the South China Morning Post.

In this condition, the virus that has entered the body tries various ways to evade detection ‘tools’ in the immune system. The virus as much as possible try to hold the body’s defense response as long as possible, to give enough time for them to intervene in cells and replicate themselves, until finally managed to make the body sick.

How does the human body fight the Corona virus?

The human body’s defense has its own way to quickly detect the presence of viruses and fight them. Once the immune system is stimulated and T-cells (T lymphocytes, a group of white blood cells that play an important role in cellular immunity) find cells that have become ‘factories’ of the virus, it will form a barrier and shoot molecules that penetrate the cell membrane and kill what all that is in it.

Based on researchers’ observations of the body’s immune response against a virus similar to Sars-CoV-2, which is another type of Corona virus that causes MERS and SARS disease, every part of the immune system is needed to cleanse the body of the virus. Sars-CoV-2 itself is a new type of Corona virus that has not been detected by the immune system, although its character is similar to the Corona virus that causes MERS and SARS.

Marjolein Kikkert, associate professor at Leiden University Medical Center, Netherlands, explained, because this type of virus is still unfamiliar, the immune system will increase the speed to fight it. The danger signals sent by the cell move quickly like a waterfall, triggering the body to produce proteins called ‘alarm bells’. Its function is to warn the cells in the vicinity of the presence of viruses and produce body defense molecules in large quantities. Finally it arrived at the ‘antiviral state’ condition.

When the danger alarm has ‘echoed’ throughout the body, the Corona virus will accelerate its spread and attack more cells. This is when T-cells hunt, capture and kill cells that are already infected. The lungs become a battleground and become swollen due to immune cells, molecules and the fluid they use to move.

“When a T-cell has found an infected cell it will make a hook. These cells will be linked and the T-cell sends its molecules to the cell and starts killing them,” explained Gene Olinger.

In people with a healthy body and do not have other health problems, this body’s defense mechanism can be effective. That is why some people infected with the Corona virus can heal on their own as long as they consume nutritious food, supplements, vitamins and enough rest.

The opposite condition can be experienced by people who previously have comorbidities. Because when the body’s immune moves aggressively it can actually attack cells that are actually still healthy and not infected. Severe symptoms can also be experienced by infants and the elderly, because their body’s defense system is weaker than young people.

Therefore it is very important to apply social distancing. In addition to protecting ourselves, we also help protect groups that are vulnerable to the Corona virus.